We appreciate the insight provided by Dave Stauffer, Jerry Harrington, Richard James, Jason Knievel, Richard Rotunno, and Mark Kelly. We would also like to acknowledge the creative suggestions provided by anonymous reviewers of this and an earlier version of this paper. All figures were created using the Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS). This work was supported by NSF Grants ATM 9806309 and ATM0133506, and by the Advanced Study Program at NCAR.
Klemp, J. B., and R. B. Wilhelmson, 1978: The simulation of three-dimensional convective storm dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci, 35 , 1070–1096.
Lipps, F. B., and R. S. Hemler, 1980: Another look at the thermodynamic equation for deep convection. Mon. Wea. Rev, 108 , 78–84.
Pointin, Y., 1984: Wet equivalent potential temperature and enthalpy as prognostic variables in cloud modeling. J. Atmos. Sci, 41 , 651–660.
Tripoli, G. J., and W. R. Cotton, 1981: The use of ice–liquid water potential temperature as a thermodynamic variable in deep atmospheric models. Mon. Wea. Rev, 109 , 1094–1102.