This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research (Grants N00014-98-1-0158 and N00014-02-1-0972). Special thanks are offered to the family of Elsie and William Knight for the fellowship endowment that helped to support J. I. Virmani. Fieldwork and computer support was provided by Ocean Circulation Group members: R. Cole, J. Donovan, C. Merz, and P. Smith. Discussions with OCG members and S. Buehler, R. Helber, C. Holland, R. Fenner, S. Javonshire, D. Mayer, and T. Short proved helpful. The data for the cloud-free SST climatology image was provided by Y. Liu. Mooring work was conducted with the help of the crews of the R/V Suncoaster and R/V Bellows. NCEP reanalysis data were obtained from the NOAA–CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, Boulder, Colorado (more information available online at http://www.cdc.noaa.gov), and C-MAN station data were obtained from the NOAA National Data Buoy Center. The authors thank the reviewers for their constructive comments.
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