The authors would like to express their appreciation to G. M. Lackmann, C.-Y. Huang, C.-C. Wu, and S.-T. Wang for valuable comments on this study. Dr. Sen Chiao’s help on the numerical modeling simulations is highly appreciated. Mesoscale analysis provided by the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan is greatly appreciated. This work is partially funded by NSF Award INT-0129369 under NSF-UCAR Cooperative Agreement ATM-973265, NSF ATM-0344237, and ONR Grant N00014-02-1-0674.
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