The authors thank Chris Velden and David Stettner of the University of Wisconsin/Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) for the satellite images presented here. Tropical Prediction Center colleague Dr. Stephen R. Baig produced the track chart. Additional figures were provided by Dr. Gerry Bell of the NWS/Climate Prediction Center and David Roth of the NWS/Hydrometeorological Prediction Center, and TPC colleague Joan David. Much of the local impact information contained in the individual storm summaries was compiled by local NWS Weather Forecast Offices in the affected areas.
Aberson, S. D., , and J. L. Franklin, 1999: Impact on hurricane track and intensity forecasts of GPS dropwindsonde observations from the first season flights of the NOAA Gulfstream-IV jet aircraft. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80 , 421–427.
Dvorak, V. E., 1984: Tropical cyclone intensity analysis using satellite data. NOAA Tech. Rep. NESDIS 11, 47 pp.
Franklin, J. L., , M. L. Black, , and K. Valde, 2003: GPS dropwindsonde wind profiles in hurricanes and their operational implications. Wea. Forecasting, 18 , 32–44.
Hawkins, J. D., , T. F. Lee, , J. Turk, , C. Sampson, , F. J. Kent, , and K. Richardson, 2001: Real-time Internet distribution of satellite products for tropical cyclone reconnaissance. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82 , 567–578.
Herndon, D. C., , and C. Velden, 2004: Upgrades to the UW-CIMSS AMSU-based tropical cyclone intensity estimation algorithm. Preprints, 26th Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 118–119.
Jarvinen, B. R., , and C. J. Neumann, 1979: Statistical forecasts of tropical cyclone intensity for the North Atlantic basin. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS NHC-10, 22 pp.
Kistler, R., and Coauthors, 2001: The NCEP–NCAR 50-Year Reanalysis: Monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82 , 247–268.
Knaff, J. A., , M. DeMaria, , B. Sampson, , and J. M. Gross, 2003: Statistical, five-day tropical cyclone intensity forecasts derived from climatology and persistence. Wea. Forecasting, 18 , 80–92.
Neumann, C. B., 1972: An alternate to the HURRAN (hurricane analog) tropical cyclone forecast system. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR-62, 24 pp.
Tsai, W-Y., , M. Spender, , C. Wu, , C. Winn, , and K. Kellogg, 2000: SeaWinds of QuikSCAT: Sensor description and mission overview. Proc. IGARSS 2000 Symp., Vol 3, Honolulu, HI, IEEE, 1021–1023.
Uhlhorn, E. W., , and P. G. Black, 2003: Verification of remotely sensed sea surface winds in hurricanes. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20 , 99–116.
Velden, C. S., , and K. F. Brueske, 1999: Tropical cyclone warm cores as observed from the NOAA polar orbiting satellite’s new Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit. Preprints, 23d Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Dallas, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 182–185.
Velden, C. S., , T. L. Olander, , and R. M. Zehr, 1998: Development of an objective scheme to estimate tropical cyclone intensity from digital geostationary satellite infrared imagery. Wea. Forecasting, 13 , 172–186.