The authors thank two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. Thanks are also extended to Dr. T. Kikuchi of Kochi University for providing GMS-IR data, and Dr. M. Yamamoto of Kyoto University and Mr. M. Ohi of Hokkaido University for their efforts in preparing the radar observations. The authors also thank Dr. S. K. Dhaka and Dr. G. Hassenpflug of Kyoto University for their careful reading of the original manuscript. Radar instruments at KT were operated by the Indonesian staff of the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia, the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), and the Meteorological and Geophysical Agency (BMG). The present study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Area-764 of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of Japan.
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