The authors thank Dr. J. Kain for providing code as well as suggestions and assistance in understanding the convective parameterization. The precipitation data and guidance in their application were provided by Dr. M. Baldwin. The authors are also grateful to two anonymous reviewers for improvements to the paper. We also thank Drs. D. Stensrud, B. Fiedler, and W. Beasley for useful discussions and comments. Funding for this study was provided by the Office of Naval Research Grant N00014-00-1-0525. Support was also provided to the lead author through a National Research Council associateship at the National Severe Storms Laboratory in Norman, Oklahoma. Additional funding for this research was provided by NOAA/Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research under NOAA–University of Oklahoma Cooperative Agreement NA17RJ1227. The data from the Lightning Mapping Array were provided by New Mexico Tech as part of the STEPS field program. Radar composites were obtained from the archive maintained by the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
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