Best-track data west of 140°W were furnished by the Central Pacific Hurricane Center. Ethan Gibney prepared the track map, and Eric Blake prepared the sea surface temperature anomaly graphic.
Avila, L. A., , R. J. Pasch, , J. L. Beven, , J. L. Franklin, , M. B. Lawrence, , S. R. Stewart, , and J-G. Jiing, 2003: Eastern North Pacific hurricane season of 2001. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131 , 249–262.
Dvorak, V. F., 1984: Tropical cyclone intensity analysis using satellite data. NOAA Tech. Rep. NESDIS 11, Washington, DC, 47 pp.
Franklin, J. L., 2006: 2005 National Hurricane Center Forecast Verification Report. 52 pp. [Available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/verification/pdfs/Verification_2005.pdf.].
Jarvinen, B. R., , and C. J. Neumann, 1979: Statistical forecasts of tropical cyclone intensity for the North Atlantic basin. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS NHC-10, 22 pp.
Madden, R. A., , and P. R. Julian, 1972: Description of global-scale circulation cells in the Tropics with a 40–50 day period. J. Atmos. Sci., 29 , 1109–1123.
Neumann, C. B., 1972: An alternate to the HURRAN (hurricane analog) tropical cyclone forecast system. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR-62, 24 pp.
NWS, 2006: National Weather Service (NWS) Manual 10-604: Tropical cyclone definitions. 9 pp. [Available online at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/directives/sym/pd01006004curr.pdf.].