Both authors were partially supported by Risk Prediction Initiative Grant RPI 04-2-001. The first author was also partially supported by a Graduate Research Fellowship from the American Meteorological Society and the Office of Naval Research. The second author was also partially supported by an FSU FYAP grant. The framework for the secondary circulation model was graciously provided by Paul Reasor (The Florida State University) and suggested by Lance Bosart (University at Albany, State University of New York). The authors thank Lance Bosart, Phil Cunningham (The Florida State University), and T. N. Krishnamurti (The Florida State University) for their constructive comments and suggestions during the course of this work. The authors also thank Chris Fogarty (Environment Canada) and two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions. All figures were created using the GrADS software package, and trajectory analyses were computed using the Vis5d software package.
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