This work was supported in part by the state of Alaska and the National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs, through Grants OPP-0520112 and OPP-0652838.
Aagaard, K., , and E. C. Carmack, 1989: The role of sea ice and fresh water in the Arctic circulation. J. Geophys. Res., 94 , 14485–14498.
Alexander, M. A., , U. S. Bhatt, , J. E. Walsh, , M. S. Timlin, , J. S. Miller, , and J. D. Scott, 2004: The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter. J. Climate, 17 , 890–905.
Bowling, S., 1986: Climatology of high-latitude air pollution as illustrated by Fairbanks and Anchorage, Alaska. J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 25 , 22–34.
Glahn, H. R., , and D. A. Lowry, 1972: The use of Model Output Statistics (MOS) in objective weather forecasting. J. Appl. Meteor., 11 , 1203–1211.
Hartmann, B., , and G. Wendler, 2005: The significance of the 1976 Pacific climate shift in the climatology of Alaska. J. Climate, 18 , 4824–4839.
Kahl, J. D., 1989: Characteristics of the low-level temperature inversion along the Alaskan Arctic coast. Int. J. Climatol., 10 , 537–548.
Overland, J. E., , and P. S. Guest, 1991: The snow and air temperature budget over sea ice during winter. J. Geophys. Res., 96 , (C3). 4651–4662.
Overland, J. E., , J. M. Adams, , and N. A. Bond, 1999: Decadal variability of the Aleutian low and its relation to high-latitude circulation. J. Climate, 12 , 1542–1548.
Proshutinsky, A., , R. H. Bourke, , and F. A. McLaughlin, 2002: The role of the Beaufort gyre in Arctic climate variability: Seasonal to decadal climate scales. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 , 2100. doi:10.1029/2002GL015847.
Semenov, V. A., 2007: Structure of temperature variability in the high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. Izv. Atmos. Oceanic Phys., 43 , 687–695.
Serreze, M. C., , F. Carse, , R. G. Barry, , and J. C. Rogers, 1997: Icelandic low cyclone activity: Climatological features, linkages with the NAO, and relationships with recent changes in the Northern Hemisphere circulation. J. Climate, 10 , 453–464.
Stroeve, J., , M. M. Holland, , W. Meier, , T. Scambos, , and M. Serreze, 2007: Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34 , L09501. doi:10.1029/2007GL029703.
Wendler, G., , and K. Jayaweera, 1972: Some measurements on the development of the suface inversion in central Alaska during winter. Pure Appl. Geophys., 99 , 209–221.