The authors would like to acknowledge the AMMA community and the people of Hombori and Agoufou for their support of this research. We would also like to thank Yakouba Traore and Frederic Baup for their help with operating the balloon and kite. We are grateful to Eric Mougin and Franck Timouk at IRD in Mali for their support in organization. Thanks to Andreas Fink and Volker Ermet at the University of Cologne for providing the programs and support for wave tracking and to Anna Agusti-Panareda for information on the ECMWF model. The UM modeling support was provided by NCAS and ECMWF operational analysis was obtained from the British Atmospheric Data Centre. Thank you to three anonymous reviewers whose comments improved the manuscript considerably. This work was supported by AMMA-UK and conducted as part of NERC Ph.D. Project NER/S/A/2004/12332.
Based on a French initiative, AMMA was built by an international scientific group and is currently funded by a large number of agencies, especially from France, United Kingdom, United States, and Africa. It has been the beneficiary of a major financial contribution from the European Community’s Sixth Framework Research Programme. (Detailed information on scientific coordination and funding is available on the AMMA International Web site at http://www.amma-international.org.)
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