Support for this work was provided by the Managing Climate Variability Program GRDC and the South East Australia Climate Initiative. Comments and encouragement by the WCRP Working Group for Seasonal-to-Interannual Prediction are acknowledged. Assistance with POAMA data by G. Liu, A. Charles, M. Zhao, G. Wang, E.-P. Lim, and Y. Yin is gratefully acknowledged. Comments by S. Saha and assistance from Weiqing Qu and the CFS team for accessing CFS data are acknowledged.
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