The cyclone summaries are based on Tropical Cyclone Reports written by the authors, along with those produced by Lixion Avila, Robbie Berg, John L. Beven II, Eric Blake, Michael Brennan, Daniel Brown, Richard Pasch, and Todd Kimberlain of NHC. These reports are available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2010epac.shtml. Ethan Gibney of the I.M. Systems Group at the NOAA Coastal Services Center produced the track chart (Fig. 1). Gerry Bell of the NOAA Climate Prediction Center produced Figs. 2, 3, and 4.
Brennan, M. J., C. C. Hennon, and R. D. Knabb, 2009: The operational use of QuikSCAT ocean surface vector winds at the National Hurricane Center. Wea. Forecasting, 24, 621–645.
Brueske, K. F., and C. S. Velden, 2003: Satellite-based tropical cyclone intensity estimation using the NOAA-KLM series Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU). Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 687–697.
Cangialosi, J. P. and J. F. Franklin, 2011: 2010 National Hurricane Center Forecast verification report. National Hurricane Center, 77 pp. [Available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/verification/pdfs/Verification_2010.pdf.]
Demuth, J. L., M. DeMaria, and J. A. Knaff, 2006: Improvement of Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit tropical cyclone intensity and size estimation algorithms. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45, 1573–1581.
Dvorak, V. F., 1984: Tropical cyclone intensity analysis using satellite data. NOAA Tech. Rep. NESDIS 11, 47 pp.
Hawkins, J. D., T. Lee, J. Turk, C. Sampson, J. Kent, and K. Richardson, 2001: Real-time internet distribution of satellite products for tropical cyclone reconnaissance. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 567–578.
Herndon, D., and C. S. Velden, 2004: Updates to the UW-CIMSS AMSU-based TC intensity algorithm. Preprints, 26th Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 118–119.
Jarvinen, B. R., and C. J. Neumann, 1979: Statistical forecasts of tropical cyclone intensity for the North Atlantic basin. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS NHC-10, 22 pp.
Knaff, J. A., M. DeMaria, B. Sampson, and J. M. Gross, 2003: Statistical, 5-day tropical cyclone intensity forecasts derived from climatology and persistence. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 80–92.
Neumann, C. B., 1972: An alternate to the HURRAN (hurricane analog) tropical cyclone forecast system. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR-62, 24 pp.
Olander, T. L., and C. S. Velden, 2007: The advanced Dvorak technique: Continued development of an objective scheme to estimate tropical cyclone intensity using geostationary infrared satellite imagery. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 287–298.
Schott, T., and Coauthors, cited 2012: The Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. [Available online at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/sshws.pdf.]
Velden, C., and Coauthors, 2006: The Dvorak tropical cyclone intensity estimation technique: A satellite-based method that has endured for over 30 years. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 87, 1195–1210.
Wang, C., and S.-K. Lee, 2009: Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L24702, doi:10.1029/2009GL041469.
Tabulations of the 6-hourly best track positions and intensities can be found in the NHC Tropical Cyclone Reports, available at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.shtml. These reports contain storm information omitted here due to limitations of space, including additional surface observations and a forecast and warning critique.
CLIPER5 and SHIFOR5 are 5-day versions of the original Climatology and Persistence (CLIPER) and Statistical Hurricane Intensity Forecast (SHIFOR) models.