This research was performed while the first author held a National Research Council research associateship award at the National Severe Storms Laboratory. The third author was supported by National Science Foundation Grant AGS-1157425. The authors thank the National Severe Storms Laboratory’s Hydrometeorology Research Group for providing and assisting with Q2 data as well as Stephanie Stevenson of the University at Albany for assistance with the quality control for the ST4 data. The constructive comments and suggestions made by Ron McTaggart-Cowan helped improve the manuscript.
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