We thank Michael Kozar with assistance in the generation of some of the figures. We would also like to thank one anonymous reviewer and Mike Fiorino for their insightful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. This work was supported by grants from NOAA (Grants NA12OAR4310078, NA10OAR4310215, and NA11OAR4310110), USGS (Grant 06HQGR0125), and USDA (Grant 027865).
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