All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 170 20 5
PDF Downloads 25 9 0

Circulation on the Continental Shelf of the Southeastern United States. Part III: Modeling the Winter Wind-Driven Flow

Vassiliki KourafalouRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149

Search for other papers by Vassiliki Kourafalou in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
John D. WangRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149

Search for other papers by John D. Wang in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Thomas N. LeeRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149

Search for other papers by Thomas N. Lee in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Full access

Abstract

A vertically integrated two-dimensional model has been adapted for the study of the wind-driven flow on the South Atlantic Bight (SAB) shelf during the winter season. Wind data are used as an input to the model and current data are used to verify the model results.

Initially, a constant wind field in time and space is applied over the whole domain; the predicted flow pattern shows good agreement with observations. Model results using observed spatially and temporally varying wind fields are also in good agreement with observations. At the shelf-break the comparison is rather poor due to the strong influence of the Gulf Stream in the outer shelf data, which was neglected in the model.

Water particle trajectories resulting from wind forcing, tidal forcing, and from the combined effect of an along-shelf surface slope with tidal forcing are compared. The along-shelf slope seems to have a significant effect on the net displacement of water particles as well as on the along-shelf volume transport. Comparison of momentum balances from model results and observations indicates that low-frequency current variability at midshelf during winter is primarily an Ekman response to local wind forcing.

Abstract

A vertically integrated two-dimensional model has been adapted for the study of the wind-driven flow on the South Atlantic Bight (SAB) shelf during the winter season. Wind data are used as an input to the model and current data are used to verify the model results.

Initially, a constant wind field in time and space is applied over the whole domain; the predicted flow pattern shows good agreement with observations. Model results using observed spatially and temporally varying wind fields are also in good agreement with observations. At the shelf-break the comparison is rather poor due to the strong influence of the Gulf Stream in the outer shelf data, which was neglected in the model.

Water particle trajectories resulting from wind forcing, tidal forcing, and from the combined effect of an along-shelf surface slope with tidal forcing are compared. The along-shelf slope seems to have a significant effect on the net displacement of water particles as well as on the along-shelf volume transport. Comparison of momentum balances from model results and observations indicates that low-frequency current variability at midshelf during winter is primarily an Ekman response to local wind forcing.

Save