We thank C.-H. Moeng and Peter Sullivan for providing the original LES code and for helpful discussions. We are very grateful to Peter Gent for his help in running the Gent–Cane model and for insightful discussions. Assistance from Brian Kaufman in running the Gent–Cane model is greatly appreciated. We thank Ren-Chieh Lien and Hartmut Peters for providing their observational data, for helpful comments, and sharing unpublished results. William D. Smyth made helpful suggestions and comments. Helpful comments by Eric Firing are greatly appreciated. Comments by the anonymous reviewers were helpful in clarifying some points and in improving the presentation of the manuscript. During this study, D. Wang was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the Advanced Study Program, National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is sponsored by the National Science Foundation.
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