The work of Hans Burchard has been funded through a Habilitation grant by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) and the project PROVESS (MAS3-CT97-0025) of the MAST-III program of the European Commission. The work of Karsten Bolding has been carried out in the framework of the project PROVESS as well. Both authors are supported by the CARTUM project, a concerted action of the MAST-III program of the European Commission (MAS3-CT98-0172). The research for this manuscript has been motivated by a visit of Vittorio Canuto (New York) at the Institute for Oceanography in Hamburg, Germany, in September 1999. We are grateful to him for presenting us the manuscript Canuto et al. (2001) directly after submission to J. Phys. Oceanogr. Helmut Baumert (Wedel, Germany) supported us with numerous valuable hints and comments on this manuscript. The authors are further indebted to Manuel Ruiz Villarreal (Santiago de Compostela, Spain), Pierre-Philippe Mathieu (Reading, United Kingdom), and Georg Umgiesser (Venice, Italy) for their support in the framework of the General Ocean Turbulence Model (GOTM, online at http://www.gotm.net), which has been used for the presented numerical calculations. And we would like to express that we highly appreciated the suggestions of two anonymous referees.
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