The work was supported by a UK NERC Research Grant GR3/119/55 and a HEFCE JREI award in 1999 for a supercomputing cluster (NESSC).
Adcock, S., , and D. P. Marshall, 2000: Interactions between geostrophic eddies and the mean circulation over large-scale bottom topography. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30 , 3232–3238.
Bleck, R., , and L. T. Smith, 1990: A wind-driven isopycnic coordinate model of the North and Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. 1. Model development and supporting experiments. J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 3273–3285.
Garrett, C., , P. MacCready, , and P. Rhines, 1993: Boundary mixing and arrested Ekman layers: rotating stratified flow near a sloping boundary. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 25 , 291–323.
Hallberg, R., , and P. B. Rhines, 2000: Boundary sources of potential vorticity in geophysical circulations. Developments in Geophysical Turbulence, R. M. Kerr and Y. Kimura, Eds., Kluwer, 51–65.
Hughes, C. W., , and B. A. De Cuevas, 2001: Why western boundary currents in realistic oceans are inviscid: A link between form stress and bottom pressure torques. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31 , 2871–2885.
Keffer, T., 1985: The ventilation of the world's oceans: Maps of the potential vorticity field. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 15 , 509–523.
McDowell, S., , P. B. Rhines, , and T. Keffer, 1982: North Atlantic potential vorticity and its relation to the general circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12 , 1417–1436.
Merryfield, W. J., , and G. Holloway, 1999: Eddy fluxes and topography in stratified quasi-geostrophic models. J. Fluid Mech., 380 , 59–80.
O'Dwyer, J., , and R. G. Williams, 1997: The climatological distribution of potential vorticity over the abyssal ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27 , 2488–2506.
Polzin, K. L., , J. M. Toole, , J. R. Ledwell, , and R. W. Schmitt, 1997: Spatial variability of turbulent mixing in the abyssal ocean. Science, 276 , 93–96.
Rhines, P. B., 1998: Circulation, convection and mixing in rotating, stratified basins with sloping topography. Physical Processes in Lakes and Oceans, J. Imberger, Ed., AGU Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Vol. 54, Amer. Geophys. Union, 209–226.
Roussenov, V., , R. G. Williams, , and J. E. O'Dwyer, 2002: Formation of low potential vorticity over the deep Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32 , 1811–1823.
Williams, R. G., , K. Day, , V. Roussenov, , and R. Woods, 2002: The role of the overturning circulation in determining the potential vorticity over the abyssal ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 107 () 3170. doi:10.1029/2001JC001094.