Russ Davis offered valuable comments on the methodology and interpretation of these results, and Helen Phillips provided useful background information on mooring motion corrections. Comments from the anonymous reviewers have also improved the presentation of these findings. This research was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant OCE-9985203/OCE-0049066.
Bower, A. S., 1991: A simple kinematic mechanism for mixing fluid parcels across a meandering jet. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 21 , 173–180.
Bryden, H. L., and R. A. Heath, 1985: Energetic eddies at the northern edge of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in the southwest Pacific. Progress in Oceanography, Vol. 14, Pergamon, 65–87.
Bryden, H. L., and S. Imawaki, 2001: Ocean heat transport. Ocean Circulation and Climate, G. Siedler et al., Eds., Academic Press, 455–474.
Cronin, M., K. Tracey, and D. R. Watts, 1992: Mooring motion correction of SYNOP central array current meter data. GSO Tech. Rep. No. 92-4, Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI, 115 pp.
deSzoeke, R. A., and M. D. Levine, 1981: The advective flux of heat by mean geostrophic motions in the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Res., 28 , 1057–1085.
Fukumori, I., R. Raghunath, and L. L. Fu, 1998: Nature of global large-scale sea level variability in relation to atmospheric forcing: A modeling study. J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 5493–5512.
Ganachaud, A., and C. Wunsch, 2000: Improved estimates of global ocean circulation, heat transport and mixing from hydrographic data. Nature, 408 , 453–457.
Georgi, D. T., and J. M. Toole, 1982: The Antarctic Circumpolar Current and the oceanic heat and freshwater budgets. J. Mar. Res., 40S , 183–197.
Gille, S. T., 1999: Mass, heat, and salt transport in the Southeastern Pacific: A Circumpolar Current inverse model. J. Geophys. Res., 104 , 5191–5210.
Gille, S. T., 2003: Float observations of the Southern Ocean. Part I: Estimating mean fields, bottom velocities, and topographic steering. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33 , 1167–1182.
Gille, S. T., and C. W. Hughes, 2001: Aliasing of high-frequency variability by altimetry: Evaluation from bottom pressure recorders. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 1958–1961.
Gille, S. T., and L. Romero, 2003: Statistical behavior of ALACE floats at the surface of the Southern Ocean. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., in press.
Gille, S. T., D. P. Stevens, R. T. Tokmakian, and K. J. Heywood, 2001: Antarctic Circumpolar Current response to zonally-averaged winds. J. Geophys. Res., 106 , 2743–2759.
Gouretski, V. V., and K. Jancke, 1998: A new climatology for the world ocean. WHP SAC Tech. Rep. No. 3, WOCE Rep. 162/98, WOCE Special Analysis Centre, Max-Planck Institute, Hamburg, Germany.
Keffer, T., and G. Holloway, 1988: Estimating Southern Ocean eddy flux of heat and salt from satellite altimetry. Nature, 332 , 624–626.
Lozier, M. S., T. J. Bold, and A. S. Bower, 1996: The influence of propagating waves on cross-stream excursions. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26 , 1915–1923.
Morrow, R., R. Coleman, J. Church, and D. Chelton, 1994: Surface eddy momentum flux and velocity variances in the Southern Ocean from Geosat altimetry. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24 , 2050–2071.
Nowlin, W. D,Jr, S. J. Worley, and T. Whitworth III, 1985: Methods for making point estimates of eddy heat flux as applied to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. J. Geophys. Res., 90 , 3305–3324.
Owens, W. B., 1984: A synoptic and statistical description of the Gulf Stream and subtropical gyre using SOFAR floats. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14 , 104–113.
Park, Y-H., and L. Gambéroni, 1997: Cross-frontal exchange of Antarctic Intermediate Water and Antarctic Bottom Water in the crozet basin. Deep-Sea Res., 44B , 963–986.
Phillips, H. E., and S. R. Rintoul, 2000: Eddy variability and energetics from direct current measurements in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Australia. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30 , 3050–3076.
Richardson, P. L., 1992: Velocity and eddy kinetic energy of the Gulf Stream system from 700-m SOFAR floats subsampled to simulate pop-up floats. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 9 , 495–503.
Sciremammano Jr., F., R. D. Pillsbury, W. D. Nowlin Jr., and T. Whitworth III, 1980: Spatial scales of temperature and flow in Drake Passage. J. Geophys. Res., 85 , 4015–4028.
Sloyan, B. M., and S. R. Rintoul, 2000: Estimates of area-averaged diapycnal fluxes from basin-scale budgets. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30 , 2320–2341.
Sloyan, B. M., and S. R. Rintoul, 2001: The Southern Ocean limb of the global deep overturning circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31 , 143–173.