The authors thank Drs. Bruce Cornuelle, Arthur J. Miller, David W. Pierce, and Jim Potemra for helpful discussions and comments on the manuscript. This paper is funded by the National Science Foundation (OCE00-82543) and the Department of Energy (DE-FG03-01ER63255 and DE-FG02-04ER63862). The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NSF or DOE or any of their subagencies.
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