This study was supported by NASA through Grants NAG 5-10045 and NNX07AG53G and by the Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) through its sponsorship of the International Pacific Research Center (IPRC). The assistance of the Ferret Group at NOAA/PMEL and of Sharon DeCarlo and Jan Hafner is greatly appreciated. Discussions with Guohong Fang, Xuhua Chen, Yan Du, Tangdong Qu, Jianping Xu, Dongxiao Wang, and Guihua Wang were helpful. Critical comments from two anonymous reviewers helped to improve the presentation. Author ZY thanks the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology in China for its partial support to attend the 2005 Guilin Meeting on the South China Sea.
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