We thank Drs. A. Manome, T. Toyota, N. Kimura, J. Ukita, M. Leppäranta, T. Nakamura, T. Nakanowatari, and S. Aoki for comments and discussion. Support from Pan-Okhotsk Research Center members is greatly appreciated. We thank four reviewers for comments that helped to improve the manuscript. Numerical results were obtained with the Pan-Okhotsk Information System. Satellite images from the Kitami Institute of Technology and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) were used to analyze the data. Ice drift data were produced by Dr. N. Kimura, which is greatly appreciated. This work was supported by KAKENHI 22106010 and 26247074.
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