We thank Joseph Schaefer for supplying us with the Storm Prediction Center tornado archive and William Lerner for sharing NOAA’s tornado warning verification archive with us. This research was supported in part by the Department of Commerce/NOAA Grant 74-6002942. We thank Walker Ashley, Jamie Kruse, seminar attendees at Northern Illinois University, Lisa Dilling, and three referees for helpful comments on an earlier draft. Xiaoyi Mu, Ying Xiao, Xiujian Chen, Abby Schroeder, Adil Suliman, and Radhames Lizardo provided research assistance.
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