I would like to thank Alan Prenger at the Missouri State Emergency Management Agency for the helpful information and Brent Kabler at the Missouri Department of Insurance, Financial Institutions and Professional Registration for providing data. I would also like to thank Leonard Shabman for the helpful conversations on these topics and the anonymous referees for their very insightful feedback. Remaining errors are, of course, my own.
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In addition to the governors of all 50 states, the mayor of Washington, D.C., and the heads of U.S. trust or commonwealth territories may also request declarations. For ease of discussion, I will simply use the term “governor.”
Flood insurance is generally not available on the private market, but residents of participating communities can purchase a policy through the federally run National Flood Insurance Program.
There were over 5000 public assistance projects funded by FEMA, totaling over $134 million for the six 2008 and one 2007 disaster declarations (FEMA 2012).
Including a winter 2007 disaster declaration along with the six 2008 declarations, there were over 11 million home loans and over 8 million business loans made by the SBA to Missourians (FEMA 2012).
The Missouri State Emergency Management Agency has a summary of every disaster declaration for the state on its website.
Note that SHELDUS also indicates crop damage for disasters 1773 and 1809, but agricultural aid is not covered in this paper and as such, these numbers are not included in Fig. 6.