The authors thank the Gallup Organization for making the data available for analysis.
Biello, D., 2013: A Republican secretary of state urges action on climate change. Scientific American, 24 July. [Available online at http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=questions-and-answers-with-george-shultz-on-climate-change-and-energy.]
Bollen, K., 1989: Structural Equations with Latent Variables. Wiley, 514 pp.
Bord, R. J., , O’Connor R. E. , , and Fischer A. , 2000: In what sense does the public need to understand global climate change? Public Understanding Sci., 9, 205–218.
Bostrom, A., and Coauthors, 2012: Causal thinking and support for climate change policies: International survey findings. Global Environ. Change, 22, 210–222.
Brulle, R. J., , Carmichael J. , , and Jenkins J. C. , 2012: Shifting public opinion on climate change: An empirical assessment of factors influencing concern over climate change in the U.S., 2002–2010. Climatic Change, 114, 169–188.
Dietz, T., , Dan A. , , and Shwom R. , 2007: Support for climate change policy: Social psychological and social structural influences. Rural Sociol., 72, 185–214.
Ding, D., , Maibach E. W. , , Zhao X. , , Roser-Renouf C. , , and Leiserowitz A. , 2011: Support for climate policy and societal action are linked to perceptions about scientific agreement. Nat. Climate Change, 1, 462–466.
Dunlap, R. E., , and McCright A. M. , 2010: Climate change denial: Sources, actors, and strategies. Routledge Handbook of Climate Change and Society, C. Lever-Tracy, Ed., Routledge Press, 240–259.
Dunlap, R. E., , and McCright A. M. , 2011: Organized climate change denial. Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society, J. Dryzek, R. Norgaard, and D. Schlosberg, Eds., Oxford University Press, 144–160.
Germain, T., , Koronowski R. , , and Spross J. , cited 2013: The Anti-Science Climate Denier Caucus: 113th Congress edition. [Available online at http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2013/06/26/2202141/the-anti-science-climate-denier-caucus-113th-congress-edition/.]
Hamilton, L. C., 2011: Education, politics, and opinions about climate change: Evidence for interaction effects. Climatic Change, 104, 231–242.
Hmielowski, J. D., , Feldman L. , , Myers T. A. , , Leiserowitz A. , , and Maibach E. , 2014: An attack on science? Media use, trust in scientists, and perceptions of global warming. Public Understanding Sci., doi:10.1177/0963662513480091, in press.
Hoggan, J., 2009: Climate Cover-up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming. Greystone Books, 240 pp.
Johnson, B., cited 2010: Grand old deniers—Nearly all GOP Senate candidates deny global warming. [Available online at http://thinkprogress.org/2010/09/13/warming-deniers-gop-caucus.]
Krosnick, J. A., , Holbrook A. L. , , Lowe L. , , and Visser P. S. , 2006: The origins and consequences of democratic citizens’ policy agendas: A study of popular concern about global warming. Climatic Change, 77, 7–43.
Leiserowitz, A., 2006: Climate change risk perception and policy preferences: The role of affect, imagery, and values. Climatic Change, 77, 45–72.
Lewandowsky, S., , Gignac G. E. , , and Vaughan S. , 2013: The pivotal role of perceived scientific consensus in acceptance of science. Nat. Climate Change, 3, 399–404.
Malka, A., , Krosnick J. A. , , and Langer G. , 2009: The association of knowledge with concern about global warming. Risk Anal., 29, 633–647.
McCright, A. M., 2009: The social bases of climate change concern, knowledge, and policy support in the U.S. general public. Hofstra Law Rev., 37, 1017–1047.
McCright, A. M., 2010: The effects of gender on climate change knowledge and concern in the American public. Popul. Environ., 32, 66–87.
McCright, A. M., , and Dunlap R. E. , 2010: Anti-reflexivity: The American conservative movement’s success in undermining climate science and policy. Theory Cult. Soc., 27, 2–3, 100–133.
McCright, A. M., , and Dunlap R. E. , 2011a: Cool dudes: The denial of climate change among conservative white males in the United States. Global Environ. Change, 21, 1163–1172.
McCright, A. M., , and Dunlap R. E. , 2011b: The politicization of climate change and polarization in the American public’s views of global warming, 2001–2010. Sociol. Quart., 52, 155–194.
McCright, A. M., , Dunlap R. E. , , and Xiao C. , 2013: Perceived scientific agreement and support for government action on climate change in the USA. Climatic Change, 119, 511–518.
Mooney, C., 2012: The Republican Brain: The Science of Why They Deny Science—And Reality. Wiley, 336 pp.
O’Connor, R. E., , Bord R. J. , , and Fisher A. , 1999: Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change. Risk Anal., 19, 461–471.
O’Connor, R. E., , Bord R. J. , , Yarnal B. , , and Wiefek N. , 2002: Who wants to reduce greenhouse gas emissions? Soc. Sci. Quart., 83, 1–17.
Oreskes, N., , and Conway E. M. , 2010: Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. Bloomsbury Press, 368 pp.
Ruckelshaus, W. D., , Thomas L. M. , , Reilly W. K. , , and Whitman C. T. , 2013: A Republican case for climate action. New York Times, New York ed., 2 August, A21. [Available online at htttp://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/02/opinion/a-republican-case-for-climate-action.html.]
Solomon, S., , Qin D. , , Manning M. , , Chen Z. , , Marquis M. , , Averyt K. , , Tignor M. , , and Miller H. L. Jr., Eds., 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press, 996 pp.
Spross, J., cited 2013: The anti-science climate denier caucus. [Available online at http://thinkprogress.org/climate-denier-caucus/.]
Zahran, S., , Brody S. D. , , Grover H. , , and Vedlitz A. , 2006: Climate change vulnerability and policy support. Soc. Nat. Resour., 19, 771–789.