A World Record Rainfall Rate at Holt, Missouri: Was It Due to Cold Frontogenesis Aloft?

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  • 1 Atmospheric Sciences Department, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
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Abstract

On 22 June 1947, Holt, Missouri, experienced a world-record rainstorm when 304.8 mm (∼1 ft) of rain fell in 42 minutes. In this paper, evidence is presented that this extremely heavy rain may have been produced by cold frontogenesis aloft (CFA). It is shown that what was earlier analyzed as a surface cold front was probably a drytrough, and that CFA was located at 700 hPa east of the drytrough, close to the location of the squall line, that produced the record precipitation rate.

Abstract

On 22 June 1947, Holt, Missouri, experienced a world-record rainstorm when 304.8 mm (∼1 ft) of rain fell in 42 minutes. In this paper, evidence is presented that this extremely heavy rain may have been produced by cold frontogenesis aloft (CFA). It is shown that what was earlier analyzed as a surface cold front was probably a drytrough, and that CFA was located at 700 hPa east of the drytrough, close to the location of the squall line, that produced the record precipitation rate.

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