The authors gratefully acknowledges the support of the National Weather Service and COMET in sponsoring this research through an NWS/COMET Fellowship. In particular, funds were provided by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Subawards UCAR S95-59695 and UCAR S96-75664 and pursuant to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Awards NA37WD0018-01V and NA57GP0576. Participation by the second author was supported in part by the NWS Cooperative Institute at Penn State through NOAA Award NA77WA0566. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NOAA, its subagencies, or UCAR.
Numerous scientists, students, and forecasters provided invaluable guidance and support during the two years of research without whom this research could not have been as complete. Keith Brill and Dr. Geoff DiMego of NCEP provided the dataset on which this research was supported. Their efforts to constantly improve the quality, completeness, and timeliness of the dataset are greatly appreciated. The efforts to modify the scope of the dataset to meet the needs of this research are also appreciated, including the addition of several model sounding stations in the Pennsylvania region. Finally, the authors thank the Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies (COLA) of the University of Maryland for the use of the GrADS software package. Additionally, we would like to thank Dr. Mike Fiorino of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for his help with the package during the early stages of this research.
We also would like thank the many forecasters at the National Weather Service Office in State College, Pennsylvania, who provided valuable and critical feedback on the forecast products.
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