The authors would like to acknowledge Ann Schrader for her work with the ATCF and the entire staff at JTWC for their efforts with SAFA. The ensemble work of Jim Goerss is deeply appreciated, as are the comments by Mark DeMaria, John Cook, Ted Tsui, Simon Chang, Russ Elsberry, Jim Goerss, and two anonymous reviewers. The NOAA Office of Research and Applications (Grant NA05AANEG0221) provided funding for this research.
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