This study was supported by the Research and Operations (RO) budget line through NOAA/NESDIS. We thank Dr. Stan Wilson for his work in securing support for RO. Our project was administered by the Cooperative Institute for Oceanographic Satellite Studies (CIOSS) within the College of Ocean and Atmosphere Studies (COAS) at the Oregon State University. We thank Profs. Ted Strub and Michael Freilich for their efficiency and collaborations in supporting our efforts. Dr. Paul Chang, NOAA/NESDIS, provided material and inspirational support throughout. Mel Nordquist, SOO, NWS/WFO, Eureka, California, kindly provided figure preparation assistance. Additional support for this work has been derived from a NASA Ocean Vector Winds Science subcontract. Finally, we are pleased to note our appreciation of the professionalism and consistency that characterize the forecasters and SOOs of the U.S. coastal WFOs. We appreciate the hospitality and cooperation we encountered in all of our WFO site visits.
Albers, S. C., , McGinley J. A. , , Birkenheuer D. L. , , and Smart J. R. , 1996: The Local Analysis and Prediction System (LAPS): Analysis of clouds, precipitation, and temperature. Wea. Forecasting, 11 , 273–287.
Chang, P., , and Jelenak Z. , 2006: NOAA operational satellite surface vector winds requirements workshop report. National Hurricane Center/Tropical Prediction Center, Miami, FL, 49 pp. [Available online at http://manati.orbit.nesdis.noaa.gov/SVW_nextgen/SVW_workshop_report_final.pdf.].
Chelton, D. B., , and Freilich M. H. , 2005: Scatterometer based assessment of 10-m wind analyses from the operational ECMWF and NCEP numerical weather prediction models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133 , 409–429.
Chelton, D. B., , Freilich M. H. , , Sienkiewicz J. M. , , and Von Ahn J. M. , 2006: On the use of QuikSCAT scatterometer measurements of surface winds for marine weather prediction. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134 , 2055–2071.
Etherton, B. P., , Santos P. , , Lazarus S. , , and Calvert C. , 2004: The effect of using AWIPS LAPS and high resolution SSTs to locally initialize Workstation ETA. Preprints, Ninth Symp. on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Ocean, and Land Surface, San Diego, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., P1.2. [Available online at http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/85168.pdf.].
Freilich, M. H., 1996: Sea winds algorithm theoretical basis document. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 56 pp. [Available online at http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/quikscat/qscatdoc.html.].
Freilich, M. H., cited. 2007: Remote sensing of ocean wind speed and direction: An introduction to scatterometry. COMET Module, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. [Available online at http://meted.ucar.edu/topics_satellite.php.].
Huddleston, J. N., , and Stiles B. W. , 2000: Multidimensional histogram (MUDH) rain flag: Product description version 2.1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, NASA Tech Rep. 20060032184, 8 pp.
Milliff, R. F., , Morzel J. , , Chelton D. B. , , and Freilich M. H. , 2004: Wind stress curl and wind stress divergence biases from rain effects on QSCAT surface wind retrievals. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21 , 1216–1231.
Snook, J. S., , Stamus P. A. , , Edwards J. , , Christidis Z. , , and McGinley J. A. , 1998: Local-domain mesoscale analysis and forecast model support for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games. Wea. Forecasting, 13 , 138–150.
Stiles, B. W., 1999: Special wind vector data product: Direction Interval Retrieval With Threshold Nudging (DIRTH) product description, version 1.1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 10 pp. [Available online at ftp://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/ocean_wind/quikscat/L2B/Dirth-Product-Description.pdf.].
Von Ahn, J. M., , Sienkiewicz J. M. , , and Chang P. , 2006: Operational impact of QuikSCAT winds at the NOAA Ocean Prediction Center. Wea. Forecasting, 21 , 523–539.