The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude to Jeff Waldstreicher for his excellent editorship and insightful suggestions that improved this paper significantly. This research was jointly funded by the International Sci.-Tech. Cooperative Project (2007DFB20210), the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China, the Key Project of Basic Scientific Research and Operation fund of the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (2008Z006), the Independent Research Project of LaSW (2008LASWZI04, 2009LASWZF02), and the China–Japan Meteorological Disaster Cooperative Research Center, which is China–Japan intergovernmental cooperation program that is supported by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). We are also grateful to Annie Reiser for providing typographical, grammar, and style edits for this paper.
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