This research was performed in part while the first author held a National Research Council Research Associateship Award at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in Monterey, California. The work was partially supported by ONR Grants N000140710145, N000141010774, and PE0602435N, and NRL Subcontract N00173-06-1-07031. The International Pacific Research Center is partially sponsored by the Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), NASA (NNX07AG53G), and NOAA (NA17RJ1230). We thank Chi-Sann Liou, Yi Jin, Rich Hodur, Jim Doyle, and Jonathan Moskaitis for their comments and assistance. This manuscript was improved by the helpful comments of two anonymous reviewers.
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