One of the principle applications of climatological tornado data is in tornado-hazard assessment. To perform such a hazard-potential determination, historical tornado characteristics in either a regional or tom area are complied. A model is then used to determine a site-specific point probability of a tornado greater than a specified intensity occurring. Various models require different climatological input. However, a knowledge of the mean values of tornado track width, tornado track width, tornado affected area and tornado occurrence rate as both a function of tornado intensity and geographic area, along with a violence frequency distribution, enable Mod of the models to be applied.
The NSSFC-NRC tornado data base is used to supply input for the determination of these parameters over the United States. This climatic data base has undergone extensive updating and quality control since it was last reported. For track parameters, internally redundant data were used to cheek consistency. Further, reports which derivated significantly from the mean wore individually checked. Intensity data have been compared with the University of Chicago DAPPLE tornado base. All tornadoes whose recorded intensifies differed by more than one category were reclassified by an independent scientist so that the two data sets are consistent.