This work has been supported by research grants from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences (CFCAS). The useful comments of anonymous reviewers were appreciated.
Argete, J. C. and J. D. Wilson. 1989. The microclimate in the center of small square sheltered plots. Agric. For. Meteor. 48:185–199.
Carter, R. E. Coauthors, 1993. A method of predicting point and path averaged ambient air VOC concentrations using meteorological data. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 43:480–488.
Flesch, T. K., J. D. Wilson, and E. Yee. 1995. Backward-time Lagrangian stochastic dispersion models, and their application to estimate gaseous emissions. J. Appl. Meteor. 34:1320–1332.
Flesch, T. K., J. H. Prueger, and J. L. Hatfield. 2002. Turbulent Schmidt number from a tracer experiment. Agric. For. Meteor. 111:299–307.
Gryning, S. E., A. A. M. Holtslag, J. S. Irwin, and B. Sivertsen. 1987. Applied dispersion modelling based on meteorological scaling parameters. Atmos. Environ. 21:79–89.
Hartley, D. and R. Prinn. 1993. Feasibility of determining surface emissions of trace gases using an inverse method in a 3-dimensional chemical transport model. J. Geophys. Res. 98:5183–5197.
Kaharabata, S. K., P. H. Schuepp, and R. L. Desjardins. 2000. Source strength determination of a tracer gas using an approximate solution to the advection–diffusion equation for microplots. Atmos. Environ. 34:2343–2350.
Kaimal, J. C. and J. J. Finnigan. 1994. Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flows: Their Structure and Measurement. Oxford University Press, 289 pp.
Massman, W. J. and X. Lee. 2002. Eddy covariance flux corrections and uncertainties in long-term studies of carbon and energy exchanges. Agric. For. Meteor. 113:121–144.
Panofsky, H. A., H. Tennekes, D. H. Lenschow, and J. C. Wyngaard. 1977. The characteristics of turbulent velocity components in the surface layer under convective conditions. Bound.-Layer Meteor. 11:355–361.
Paulson, C. A. 1970. The mathematical representation of wind speed and temperature profiles in the unstable atmospheric surface layer. J. Appl. Meteor. 9:857–861.
Raupach, M. R. 1989. A practical Lagrangian method for relating scalar concentrations to source distributions in vegetative canopies. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 115:609–632.
Sawford, B. L. and F. M. Guest. 1988. Uniqueness and universality of Lagrangian stochastic models of turbulent dispersion. Preprints, Eighth Symp. on Turbulence and Diffusion, San Diego, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96–99.
Seibert, P. 1999. Inverse modelling of sulfur emissions in Europe based on trajectories. Inverse Methods in Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Geophys. Monogr., No. 114, Amer. Geophys. Union, 147–154.
Thomson, D. J. 1987. Criteria for the selection of stochastic models of particle trajectories in turbulent flows. J. Fluid Mech. 180:529–556.
Wilson, J. D. and B. L. Sawford. 1996. Review of Lagrangian stochastic models for trajectories in the turbulent atmosphere. Bound.-Layer Meteor. 78:191–210.
Wilson, J. D., G. W. Thurtell, and G. E. Kidd. 1981. Numerical simulation of particle trajectories in inhomogeneous turbulence, III. Comparison of predictions with experimental data for the atmospheric surface-layer. Bound.-Layer Meteor. 21:443–463.
Wilson, J. D., G. W. Thurtell, G. E. Kidd, and E. G. Beauchamp. 1982. Estimation of the rate of gaseous mass transfer from a surface source plot to the atmosphere. Atmos. Environ. 16:1861–1867.
Wilson, J. D., T. K. Flesch, and R. d'Amours. 2001a. Surface delays for gases dispersing in the atmosphere. J. Appl. Meteor. 40:1422–1430.
Wilson, J. D., T. K. Flesch, and L. A. Harper. 2001b. Micrometeorological methods for estimating surface exchange with a disturbed windflow. Agric. For. Meteor. 107:207–225.
Wyngaard, J. C. 1973. On surface layer turbulence. Workshop on Micrometeorology, D. A. Haugen, Ed., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101–149.
Wyngaard, J. C. and O. R. Cote. 1971. The budgets of turbulent kinetic energy and temperature variance in the atmospheric surface layer. J. Atmos. Sci. 28:190–201.