The authors are grateful to the Director General of Meteorology, India Meteorological Department, New Delhi, for providing all the facilities to carry out this research work and permitting us to publish this paper in this journal. The authors are thankful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.
Bender, M. A., R. J. Ross, R. E. Tuleya, and Y. Kurihara. 1993. Improvements in tropical cyclone track and intensity forecasts using GFDL initialization system. Mon. Wea. Rev. 121:2046–2061.
Ho, F. P., J. C. Su, K. L. Hanevich, R. J. Smith, and F. P. Richards. 1987. Hurricane climatology for the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States. NOAA Tech. Rep. NWS 38, 195 pp.
Kalsi, S. R., S. D. Kotal, and S. K. Roy Bhowmik. 2003. Decaying nature of super cyclone of Orissa after landfall. Mausam 54:393–396.
Kaplan, J. and M. DeMaria. 1995. A simple empirical model for predicting the decay of tropical cyclone wind speed after landfall. J. Appl. Meteor. 34:2499–2512.
Kaplan, J. and M. DeMaria. 2001. On the decay of tropical cyclone winds after landfall in the New England area. J. Appl. Meteor. 40:280–286.
Malkin, W. 1959. Filling and intensity changes in hurricane over land. U.S. Weather Bureau National Hurricane Research Project Rep. 34, 18 pp.
Powell, M. D. 1982. The transition of the Hurricane Frederic boundary-layer wind fields from the open Gulf of Mexico to landfall. Mon. Wea. Rev. 110:1912–1932.
Powell, M. D. 1987. Changes in the low level kinematic and thermodynamical structure of Hurricane Alicia (1983) at landfall. Mon. Wea. Rev. 115:75–99.
Powell, M. D., P. P. Dodge, and M. L. Black. 1991. The landfall of Hurricane Hugo in the Carolinas: Surface wind distribution. Wea. Forecasting 6:379–399.
Schwerdt, R. W., F. P. Ho, and R. R. Watkins. 1979. Meteorological criteria for standard project hurricane and probable maximum wind fields, Gulf and East Coast of United States. NOAA Tech. Rep. NWS 23, 317 pp.
Tuleya, R. F. 1994. Tropical storm development and decay sensitivity to surface boundary conditions. Mon. Wea. Rev. 122:291–304.