The authors thank Lucie Vincent for her helpful internal review comments on an earlier version of this manuscript and Hui Wan for her help in preparing the 11 Chinese data series. The Climate Research Division of the Atmospheric Science and Technology Directorate of Environment Canada is acknowledged for supporting this research through a Grant and Contributions (KM040-05-0016-IP) to York University. The three anonymous reviewers are also acknowledged for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper.
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