The authors wish to express their appreciation for the support, encouragement, and advice of Russell B. Chadwick, Seth Gutman, Rich Lataitis, Ken Moran, M. J. Post, Richard Strauch, and Brian Templeman. This work was partially supported by the Naval Command Control and Ocean Surveillance Center (J. H. Richter, contract monitor).
Bean, B. R., and E. J. Dutton, 1966: Radio Meteorology, National Bureau of Standards Monogr., No. 92, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, 435 pp.
——, R. E. McGavin, R. B. Chadwick, and B. B. Warner, 1971: Preliminary results of utilizing the high-resolution FM radar as a boundary-layer probe. Bound.-Layer Meteor.,1, 466–473.
Chadwick, R. B., and E. E. Gossard, 1983: Radar remote sensing of the clear atmosphere—Review and applications. Proc. IEEE,71, 738–753.
Gage, K. S., and B. B. Balsley, 1980: On the scattering and reflection mechanisms contributing to clear air echoes from the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere. Radio Sci.,15, 243–257.
Gossard, E. E., and R. G. Strauch, 1983: Radar Observations of Clear Air and Clouds. Elsevier, 280 pp.
——, R. B. Chadwick, W. D. Neff, and K. P. Moran, 1982: The use of ground-based Doppler radars to measure gradients, fluxes, and structure parameters in elevated layers. J. Appl. Meteor.,21, 211–226.
——, D. E. Wolfe, K. P. Moran, R. A. Paulus, K. D. Anderson, and L. T. Rogers, 1998: Measurement of clear-air gradients and turbulence properties with radar wind profilers. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,15, 321–342.
Richter, J. H., and E. E. Gossard, 1970: Lower tropospheric structure as seen by a high-resolution radar. Tech. Rep. NELC/TR 1718, Naval Command Control and Ocean Surveillance Center, San Diego, CA, 66 pp.
Stankov, B. B., E. R. Westwater, and E. E. Gossard, 1996: Use of wind profiler estimates of significant moisture gradients to improve humidity profile retrieval. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,13, 1285–1290.
Tatarskii, V. I., 1961: Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium. McGraw-Hill, 285 pp.
——, 1971: The effects of the turbulent atmosphere on wave propagation. NTIS TT 68-50464, Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, Israel, 472 pp. [Available from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161.].
VanZandt, T. E., J. L. Green, K. S. Gage, and W. L. Clark, 1978: Vertical profiles of refractivity structure constant: Comparison of observations by the Sunset radar with a new theoretical model. Radio Sci.,13, 819–829.
Wilczak, J. W., and Coauthors, 1995: Contamination of wind profiler data by migrating birds: Characteristics of corrupted data with potential solutions. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,12, 449–467.
Wolfe, D. E., B. L. Weber, D. B. Wuertz, and K. P. Moran, 1997: The California Air Resources Board 1995 Mojave Desert Ozone Experiment. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ETL-273, NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory, Boulder, CO, 96 pp. [Available from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161.].