The author would like to thank David Salas-Me´lia and Sophie Tyteca for providing the data of the CNRM model. Comments and suggestions of three anonymous reviewers have significantly improved the paper. The work was supported by a grant from the INSU/LEFE project entitled EPIGONE.
Balasubramanian, G., and S. Garner, 1997b: The role of momentum fluxes in shaping the life cycle of a baroclinic wave. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 510–533.
Chen, G., and I. Held, 2007: Phase speed spectra and the recent poleward shift of southern hemisphere surface westerlies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L21805, doi:10.1029/2007GL031200.
Chen, G., I. Held, and W. Robinson, 2007: Sensitivity of the latitude of the surface westerlies to surface friction. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 2899–2915.
Chen, G., J. Lu, and D. Frierson, 2008: Phase speed spectra and the latitude of surface westerlies: Interannual variability and global warming trend. J. Climate, 21, 5942–5959.
Fraedrich, K., E. Kirk, U. Luksh, and F. Lunkeit, 2005: The Portable University Model of the Atmosphere (PUMA): Storm track dynamics and low-frequency variability. Meteor. Z., 14, 735–745.
Frierson, D. M. W., 2006: Robust increases in midlatitude static stability in simulations of global warming. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L24816, doi:10.1029/2006GL027504.
Frisius, T., F. Lunkeit, K. Fraedrich, and I. James, 1998: Storm-track organization and variability in a simplified atmospheric global circulation model. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 124, 1019–1043.
Geng, Q., and M. Sugi, 2003: Possible change of extratropical cyclone activity due to enhanced greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosols study with a high-resolution AGCM. J. Climate, 16, 2262–2274.
Haigh, J. D., M. Blackburn, and R. Day, 2005: The response of tropospheric circulation to perturbations in lower-stratospheric temperature. J. Climate, 18, 3672–3685.
Hall, N., B. J. Hoskins, P. Valdes, and C. A. Senior, 1994: Storm-tracks in a high-resolution GCM with doubled carbon dioxide. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 120, 1209–1230.
Held, I., and M. Suarez, 1994: A proposal for the intercomparison of the dynamical cores of atmospheric general circulation models. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75, 1825–1830.
Hoskins, B. J., M. E. M. Intyre, and R. W. Robertson, 1985: On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity maps. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 111, 877–946.
Kidston, J., S. Dean, J. Renwick, and G. K. Vallis, 2010: A robust increase in the eddy length scale in the simulation of future climates. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L03806, doi:10.1029/2009GL041615.
Kidston, J., G. K. Vallis, S. M. Dean, and J. A. Renwick, 2011: Can the increase in the eddy length scale under global warming cause the poleward shift of the jet streams? J. Climate, in press.
Kodama, C., and T. Iwasaki, 2009: Influence of the SST rise on baroclinic instability wave activity under an aquaplanet condition. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2272–2287.
Laîné, A., M. Kageyama, D. Salas-Mélia, G. Ramstein, S. Planton, S. Denvil, and S. Tyteca, 2009: An energetics study of wintertime Northern Hemisphere storm tracks under 4 × CO2 conditions in two ocean–atmosphere coupled models. J. Climate, 22, 819–839.
Lorenz, D. J., and E. T. DeWeaver, 2007: Tropopause height and zonal wind response to global warming in the IPCC scenario integrations. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10119, doi:10.1029/2006JD008087.
Lu, J., G. Chen, and D. Frierson, 2008: Response of the zonal mean atmospheric circulation to El Niño versus global warming. J. Climate, 21, 5835–5851.
Lu, J., G. Chen, and D. Frierson, 2010: The position of the midlatitude storm track and eddy-driven westerlies in aquaplanet AGCMs. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 3984–4000.
Marshall, J., and F. Molteni, 1993: Toward a dynamical understanding of planetary-scale flow regimes. J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 1792–1818.
Polvani, L., D. Waugh, G. Correa, and S.-W. Son, 2011: Stratospheric ozone depletion: The main driver of twentieth-century atmospheric circulation changes in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Climate, 24, 795–812.
Rivière, G., 2009: Effect of latitudinal variations in low-level baroclinicity on eddy life cycles and upper-tropospheric wave-breaking processes. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 1569–1592.
Rivière, G., and I. Orlanski, 2007: Characteristics of the Atlantic storm-track eddy activity and its relation with the North Atlantic Oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 241–266.
Rivière, G., A. Laîné, G. Lapeyre, D. Salas-Mélia, and M. Kageyama, 2010: Links between Rossby wave breaking and the North Atlantic Oscillation–Arctic Oscillation in present-day and Last Glacial Maximum climate simulations. J. Climate, 23, 2987–3008.
Thorncroft, C. D., B. J. Hoskins, and M. McIntyre, 1993: Two paradigms of baroclinic-wave life-cycle behaviour. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 119, 17–55.
Wittman, M., A. Charlton, and L. Polvani, 2007: The effect of lower stratospheric shear on baroclinic instability. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 479–496.
Yin, J. H., 2005: A consistent poleward shift of the storm tracks in simulations of 21st century climate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L18701, doi:10.1029/2005GL023684.