This work has been conducted for the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)–Department for International Development (DFID)-funded Improving Model Processes for African Climate (IMPALA) project (Grant NE/M017206/1), as part of the Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) program (futureclimateafrica.org/project/impala). MetUM data are provided by the Met Office Hadley Centre. HadGEM3-GC2 data are archived at the Centre for Atmospheric Data and are currently available to MetUM partners. The authors thank Sebastian Engelstaedter for his assistance with compiling the reference datasets; all of the data centers for making the datasets available; and Martin Andrews, who ran the HadGEM3-GC2 historical simulations. Thanks are also extended to Richard Graham, Richard Jones, Linda Hirons, and Caroline Bain for helpful discussions.
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