Thanks are extended to T. N. Krishnamurti, James B. Elsner, and Jon Ahlquist for their constructive comments. Thanks also to Mark Bourassa for helping with the minimization code. Improvements suggested by two anonymous reviewers are also acknowledged.
This research was supported by the National Science Foundation supporting the WOCE Center for Surface Meteorology and Fluxes (OCE-9314515), as well as by NASA (NAG5-7254). Base support of COAPS is provided by the Office of Naval Research. NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data were provided by NOAA Climate Diagnostics Center, Boulder, Colorado; UWM/COADS climatology provided courtesy of Dr. Arlindo da Silva.
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