This research is supported by NOAA’s Office of Global Programs Grant NA17RJ1228#15 and by NASA’s Precipitation Program Grant NAG5-13694. The authors thank W. Berg and A. Rapp for helpful comments and discussions. The TRMM datasets (1B01 and 2A23) were provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SST dataset retrieved from TMI was obtained from the Remote Sensing Systems (RSS; at the web Site http://www.ssmi.com/tmi/tmi_browse.html), sponsored by NASA’s Earth Science Information Partnerships (ESIP)—a federation of information sites for Earth Science—and by NASA’s TRMM Science Team.
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