This work was supported by NSERC (through a discovery grant to M. Sharp, and an undergraduate summer research award and Canada graduate scholarship to A. S. Gardner), the Alberta Ingenuity Fund (through a scholarship to A. S. Gardner), the Meteorological Service of Canada (through a scholarship supplement to A. S. Gardner), and by the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences through the Polar Climate Stability Network. We gratefully acknowledge the sustained efforts of Roy Koerner, Peter Adams, Graham Cogley, Miles Ecclestone, and coworkers to produce long time series of surface mass balance measurements for glaciers and ice caps in the Queen Elizabeth Islands. We also thank Lindsey Nicholson and two anonymous reviewers for their comments and insights.
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