Fruitful discussions with E. Roeckner and R. Ponte are gratefully acknowledged. Rui Ponte and Jonathan Gregory kindly provided their results included in Fig. 8. Thanks go also to two anonymous referees who helped significantly to improve the manuscript. We also thank the Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie (Hamburg) for providing the output from their coupled model runs through the service group “Modelle und Daten.” All MPI-M model runs analyzed here were performed at the German Climate Computer Center (DKRZ) as part of their “Konsortial” computations.
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