This research was supported by the Australian Research Council through the Discovery Projects funding scheme (Project FF0668679).
Alexander, L. V., and Coauthors, 2006: Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation. J. Geophys. Res., 111 , D05109. doi:10.1029/2005JD006290.
Alexander, L. V., P. Hope, D. A. Collins, B. Trewin, A. H. Lynch, and N. Nicholls, 2007: Trends in Australia’s climate means and extremes: A global context. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 56 , 1–18.
Burkholder, B., 2007: An assessment of United States climate variations using the Climate Extremes Index. M.S. thesis, University of Oklahoma, 103 pp.
Collins, D., P. Della-Marta, N. Plummer, and B. Trewin, 2000: Trends in annual frequencies of extreme temperature events in Australia. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 49 , 277–292.
Della-Marta, P., D. Collins, and K. Braganza, 2004: Updating Australia’s high-quality annual temperature dataset. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 53 , 75–93.
Easterling, D. R., J. L. Evans, P. Y. Groisman, T. R. Karl, K. E. Kunkel, and P. Ambenje, 2000: Observed variability and trends in extreme climate events: A brief review. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81 , 417–425.
Fouillet, A., and Coauthors, 2006: Excess mortality related to the August 2003 heat wave in France. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health, 80 , 16–24.
Frich, P., L. V. Alexander, P. Della-Marta, B. Gleason, M. Haylock, A. M. G. Klein Tank, and T. Peterson, 2002: Observed coherent changes in climatic extremes during the second half of the twentieth century. Climate Res., 19 , 193–212.
Gallant, A. J. E., K. J. Hennessy, and J. S. Risbey, 2007: Trends in rainfall indices for six Australian regions: 1910–2005. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 56 , 223–239.
Gleason, K. L., J. H. Lawrimore, D. H. Levinson, T. R. Karl, and D. J. Karoly, 2008: A revised U.S. climate extremes index. J. Climate, 21 , 2124–2137.
Haylock, M., and Coauthors, 2006: Trends in total and extreme South American rainfall in 1960–2000 and links with sea surface temperature. J. Climate, 19 , 1490–1512.
Hope, P., W. Drosdowsky, and N. Nicholls, 2006: Shifts in the synoptic systems influencing southwest Western Australia. Climate Dyn., 26 , 751–764.
Jones, D. A., W. Wang, and R. Fawcett, 2007: Climate data for the Australian Water Availability Project. Australian Bureau of Meteorology, 37 pp.
Karl, T. R., R. W. Knight, D. R. Easterling, and R. G. Quayle, 1996: Indices of climate change for the United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77 , 279–292.
Klein Tank, A. M. G., and G. P. Können, 2003: Trends in indices of daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe, 1946–1999. J. Climate, 16 , 3665–3680.
Manton, M. J., and Coauthors, 2001: Trends in extreme daily rainfall and temperature in southeast Asia and the South Pacific: 1961–1998. Int. J. Climatol., 21 , 269–284.
Murphy, B. F., and B. Timbal, 2008: A review of recent climate variability and climate change in southeastern Australia. Int. J. Climatol., 28 , 859–879.
Plummer, N., and Coauthors, 1999: Changes in climate extremes over the Australian region and New Zealand during the twentieth century. Climatic Change, 42 , 183–202.
Raupach, M. R., P. R. Briggs, V. Haverd, E. A. King, M. Paget, and C. M. Trudinger, 2009: Australian Water Availability Project: CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research component: Final report for phase 3. CAWCR Tech. Rep. 013, 72 pp.
Vincent, L. A., and E. Mekis, 2006: Changes in daily and extreme temperature and precipitation indices for Canada over the twentieth century. Atmos.–Ocean, 44 , 177–193.
Vincent, L. A., and Coauthors, 2005: Observed trends in indices of daily temperature extremes in South America 1960–2000. J. Climate, 18 , 5011–5023.
You, Q. L., S. C. Kang, E. Aguilar, and Y. P. Yan, 2008: Changes in daily climate extremes in the eastern and central Tibetan Plateau during 1961–2005. J. Geophys. Res., 113 , D07101. doi:10.1029/2007JD009389.
Zhai, P., X. Zhang, H. Wan, and X. Pan, 2005: Trends in total precipitation and frequency of daily precipitation extremes over China. J. Climate, 18 , 1096–1108.