This research was funded in part by National Science Foundation Grant OPP-9725263 to TRP. The measurements at Halley were funded in part by the European Commission Environment Program, under Contract ENV4-CT95-0076. We thank Dr. P. S. Anderson for running this measurement program. Thanks must also be given to the scientists at the Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology division at NCAR for their support and assistance with the use of MM5. The comments of three anonymous reviewers helped to clarify and improve this manuscript.
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