The authors are grateful for the very helpful remarks of Ron McTaggart-Cowan, Scott Braun, Greg Holland, and an anonymous reviewer, which led to significant improvements to this paper. The first author was supported by the National Science Foundation, under Grant ATM-0630690.
Emanuel, K., C. DesAutels, C. Holloway, and R. Korty, 2004: Environmental control of tropical cyclone intensity. J. Atmos. Sci., 61 , 843–858.
Flerchinger, G. N., and K. E. Saxton, 1989: Simultaneous heat and water model of a freezing snow-residual-soil system. I: Theory and development. Trans. ASAE, 32 , 565–571.
Hart, R. E., and J. L. Evans, 2001: A climatology of the extratropical transition of Atlantic tropical cyclones. J. Climate, 14 , 546–564.
Jones, S. C., and Coauthors, 2003: The extratropical transition of tropical cyclones: Forecast challenges, current understanding, and future directions. Wea. Forecasting, 18 , 1052–1092.
Kaplan, J., and M. DeMaria, 1995: A simple empirical model for predicting the decay of tropical cyclone winds after landfall. J. Appl. Meteor., 34 , 2499–2512.
McKenzie, N., D. Jacquier, R. Isbell, and K. Brown, 2004: Australian Soils and Landscapes: An Illustrated Compendium. CSIRO, 416 pp.
Shen, W., I. Ginis, and R. E. Tuleya, 2002: A numerical investigation of land surface water on landfalling hurricanes. J. Atmos. Sci., 59 , 789–802.
Velden, C. S., and Coauthors, 2006: The Dvorak tropical cyclone intensity estimation technique: A satellite-based method that has endured for over 30 years. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 87 , 1195–1210.