The engineering design work for the ITP was initiated by the Cecil H. and Ida M. Green Technology Innovation Program (an internal program at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution). Prototype development and construction were funded jointly by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) Oceanographic Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination Program and Office of Polar Programs (OPP) under Award OCE-0324233. Continued support has been provided by the OPP Arctic Sciences Section under Award ARC-0519899 and internal WHOI funding. Numerous WHOI engineers and technicians contributed to the ITP development and design, including Ken Doherty, Dan Frye, Terry Hammar, John Kemp, Don Peters, and Keith von der Heydt. We also acknowledge the technical assistance provided by McLane Research Laboratories, Inc., Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc., and Webb Research Corporation during the ITP development effort. We thank the officers and crew of the CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent and members of the science parties for their assistance in deploying the prototype instruments, as well as Eddy Carmack, Fiona McLaughlin, Sarah Zimmermann, and Koji Shimada for including our ITP activities in the collaborative Beaufort Gyre field program. Thanks also are given to Leif Thomas and Bob Pickart for valuable discussions.
Doherty, K. W., D. E. Frye, S. P. Liberatore, and J. M. Toole, 1999: A moored profiling instrument. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 16 , 1816–1829.
Krishfield, R. A., A. J. Plueddemann, and S. Honjo, 2002: Eddies in the Arctic Ocean from IOEB ADCP data. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Tech. Rep. WHOI-2002-09, 144 pp.
Krishfield, R. A., and Coauthors, 2006: Design and operation of automated ice-tethered profilers for real-time seawater observations in the polar oceans. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Tech. Rep. WHOI-2006-11, 81 pp.
Morison, J., M. Steele, T. Kikuchi, K. Falkner, and W. Smethie, 2006: Relaxation of central Arctic Ocean hydrography to pre-1990s climatology. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33 .L17604, doi:10.1029/2006GL026826.
Morison, J., J. Wahr, R. Kwok, and C. Peralta-Ferriz, 2007: Recent trends in Arctic Ocean mass distribution revealed by GRACE. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34 .L07602, doi:10.1029/2006GL029016.
Muench, R. D., J. T. Gunn, T. E. Whitledge, P. Schlosser, and W. Smethie Jr., 2000: An Arctic Ocean cold core eddy. J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 23997–24006.
Münchow, A., and E. C. Carmack, 1997: Synoptic flow and density observations near an Arctic shelf break. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27 , 1402–1419.
Münchow, A., E. C. Carmack, and D. A. Huntley, 2000: Synoptic density and velocity observations of slope waters in the Chukchi and East-Siberian Seas. J. Geophys. Res., 105 , 14103–14119.
Padman, L., M. Levine, T. Dillon, J. Morison, and R. Pinkel, 1990: Hydrography and microstructure of an Arctic cyclonic eddy. J. Geophys. Res., 95 , 9411–9420.
Pickart, R. S., T. J. Weingartner, L. J. Pratt, S. Zimmermann, and D. J. Torres, 2005: Flow of winter-transformed Pacific water into the western Arctic. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52 , 3175–3198.
Plueddemann, A. J., R. Krishfield, T. Takizawa, K. Hatakeyama, and S. Honjo, 1998: Upper ocean velocities in the Beaufort Gyre. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25 , 183–186.
Proshutinsky, A. Y., and M. A. Johnson, 1997: Two circulation regimes of the wind-driven Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 12493–12514.
Spall, M. A., 1995: Frontogenesis, subduction, and cross-front exchange at upper ocean fronts. J. Geophys. Res., 100 , 2543–2557.
Steele, M., J. Morison, W. Ermold, I. Rigor, M. Ortmeyer, and K. Shimada, 2004: Circulation of summer Pacific halocline water in the Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 109 .C02027, doi:10. 1029/2003JC002009.